The specific changes in the brain cause a migraine headache that results in head pain or a pulsing sensation, usually on just one side of the head. It is often accompanied by sound, smells and sensitivity to light.
A migraine headache is the most common problem seen in people but the exact cause is not known. A migraine headache occurs more in women than men.
Migraine headaches last from 4 to 72 hours.
In a common migraine there is no aura but in a severe or a classic migraine experience an aura.
Hereby are some treatments. Let us take a look at different ways to prevent a migraine headache:
1. Avoid Stress
Increase in emotional or physical stress may lead to a migraine headache. We have to manage the stress by controlling yourself to react. Relaxation techniques, positive thinking, and time management, listening calming music, take a short walk can help us to eliminate the stress. Use relaxation exercises such as breathing, yoga, meditation, and prayer for preventing migraine headache.
2. Exercise regularly
Regular exercise is beneficial for a healthy lifestyle. It can reduce the frequency and intensity of migraine headaches. During exercises, the body induces the endorphins, which are the body’s natural painkillers. It helps to reduce the depression and stress and other triggers. The workout like weight lifting and moderate aerobic exercises may trigger a migraine headache.
3. Regular Sleep Schedule
Maintain your sleeping schedule by going to bed and get up about the same times every day. According to study sleep-deprived rats experienced changes in key migraine-related proteins. Lack of sleep cause insomnia that increases the chances of a migraine. And too much sleep also causes a migraine headache and reduces your energy and tolerance to certain stimuli.
4. Diet / Or Avoid Food Triggers
Eat a healthy and well-balanced diet of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and proteins. Magnesium relaxes blood vessels and ensures proper cell function so eat magnesium rich food. Oily fish and omega-3 fatty acids may also help to prevent a migraine headache. Drink plenty of water to eliminate dehydration.
You should avoid the food which triggers a migraine headache such as processed meats, sweeteners, cheese, chocolates, and red wine. Foods and drinks with caffeine or alcohol causing migraines.
5. Avoid Noises, Bright Light, And Other Sensory Stimuli
Loud noises, bright light, and other sensory stimuli may increase a migraine headache. Give rest to your eyes and minimizing the light exposure while watching TV. Suppress the loud audio noises that trigger your headache.
Changes in the weather or climate cause barometric pressure, which can trigger a migraine. This occurs because of imbalance of chemicals in your body.
6. Try Other Techniques
You have to try these techniques to eliminate migraine headache such as:
In this technique, the pressure points are stimulated that blocks the signals which are responsible for pain.
– Massage Therapy:
Massage reduces the frequency of headaches.
– Hot and Cold Packs:
Hot packs applied on neck and posterior part of the head that can relax the tense muscles. While the cold pack on forehead and temples and reduces pain and swelling. Cold packs are more effective over the heat packs.
7. OTC Medications
OTC medications may help you get rid of a migraine headache for example:
– Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS): These include medicines such as aspirin, naproxen, and ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil).
– Acetaminophen (Tylenol): It is NSAIDs for an additive effect.
– Combination medications: It includes Excedrin Migraine.
8. Prescription medication
For a severe migraine headache, you can consult your doctor and take prescription medications such as:
– Cardiovascular medications, including beta blockers, and calcium channel blockers.
– Anti-seizure medications such as valproic acid.
– Cannabis is a traditional migraine drug.
– Anti-depressants: Tricyclics and SSRIs drugs.
– Ergot derivative medications.