Drinking Adequate Water:
Drinking water helps to dilute the substances in the urine that lead to stone formation. Make every effort to drink enough fluids – about 10-12 glasses of water in a day. This is the most vital thing you can do to prevent kidney stones. Include citrus beverages like lemonade, grapefruit juice, and orange juice, citrate in these beverages helps block stone formation.
Get The Calcium:
Restricting calcium in your diet can cause oxalate levels to rise and cause kidney stones. To prevent this, take in an appropriate amount of calcium. It is best to obtain calcium from foods, since some studies have linked taking calcium supplements to kidney stones. Good sources of calcium include milk, yoghurt, and cottage cheese. Vegetarian sources of calcium include legumes, calcium-set tofu, dark green vegetables, nuts and seeds. Make sure to include foods high in vitamin D, which helps to absorb more calcium.
Limit Salt Intake:
A low sodium diet is usually recommended for the stone prone people. Recent guidelines recommend limiting total daily sodium intake to 2300 mg.If a high salt diet has contributed to kidney stones previously then reduce daily intake to 1500mg and it is best to restrict processed foods and fast foods.
Lower The Animal Protein Intake:
Adding too much animal protein such as red meat, poultry, eggs and seafood, increase the level of uric acids and could lead to kidney stones. As protein is important for overall health prefer plant sources -quinoa, tofu, curd, and yoghurt and limit your daily intake of animal protein to about a palm size per serving.
Avoid Stone Forming Foods:
Chocolate, beets, spinach, sweet potatoes rhubarb, tea, and most nuts are rich in oxalate. Foods high in oxalates increase the formation of kidney stones. Reduce or eliminate oxalate from the diet if you’ve already had kidney stones.