Dry eye syndrome or ocular surface disease is a common condition where the eyes do not produce enough tears and there is lack of sufficient lubrication and moisture on the surface of eyes. This result of aging, hormonal changes, or various autoimmune diseases, such as primary Sjogren’s syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis. Especially the cornea becomes dehydrated.
This dry eye syndrome mostly seems to occur in hot summers. Keratoconjunctivitis is another medical term for dry eye syndrome. It mostly occurs in people who are older than 40 age and It is more common in women than men. People who work on computers, watching TV, reading, for long hours face this dry eye syndrome. This decreased blinking allows excessive evaporation from the tears.
Symptoms Of Dry Eye Syndrome include:
– Blurred vision,
– itching sensation,
– Sore eyes,
– Fatigued eyes,
– Red eyes.
To protect eyes from infection, proper care should be taken during summers. There are many ways to prevent your eyes from dry eye syndrome that are:
1. Warm Compresses
It is a very easiest, and comfortable way of dealing with dry eye syndrome. Use a compress by maintaining the temperature of 108 degrees Fahrenheit for more than 10 minutes and at least twice a day. The heat of compress promotes the formation of tears by increasing the blood circulation to that area. It provides the relief from eye irritation and other symptoms of dry eye syndrome.
2. Home Remedies
– Maintain proper eye hygiene by frequent eyelid washing with massage your eyelids with few drops of baby shampoo and rinse with lukewarm water. Do this once or twice a day.
– Blink your eyes more often when using your computer or mobile devices, do this exercise 5 times at least every hour for a couple of weeks. – Castor oil eyedrops as anti-inflammatory agents are effective and safe in the treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction, and dry eye syndrome.
– A few drops of 100% organic virgin coconut oil acts as safe rewetting eye drops.
3. Nutritional Requirement
Doctors recommended the nutritional supplement to treat dry eye syndrome. They recommended the omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids rich food that helps to reduce the dry eye symptoms such as fatty fish and fish oils, ground flaxseed and flaxseed oil, chia seeds, sesame seeds, almonds, walnuts, salmon, tuna, sardines, and mackerel. According to studies vitamin D deficiency is strongly associated with dry eye syndrome. Drinking lots of water also prevent dehydration.
4. Treatment By Surgery
Different minor surgeries help to treat dry eyes. Punctal plug surgery is one of them. Punctal plugs are a tiny, biocompatible and sterile device. This can be inserted into the inner corner of each eyelid are tiny openings of tear drainage duct called punctae. Punctal plugs are also known as punctum plugs, lacrimal plugs or occluders. Punctal plugs usually used for a few days to as long as several months. There are two types of tear duct plugs that are semi-permanent, and dissolvable to prevent dry eye syndrome.
5. Over The Counter (OTC) Artificial Drops
OTC artificial drops are safe and effective without adverse effects for the dry eye syndrome. These lubricating eye drops are available in different viscosity. With light and watery viscosity provides quick relief with little or no blurring of your vision but their soothing effect is very short lived. While higher viscosity eye drops provide longer lasting lubrication.
6. Prescription medications
If the OTC medications don’t work properly then visit the doctor and use that prescription medications for the treatment of dry eye syndrome. There are different medications that produce more natural tears to keep your eyes moist, comfortable and healthy that are:
– Steroid Eye Drops,
– Artificial Tears,