We have heard and seen so many victims of overnutrition today. But what exactly overnutrition is and how does it affects our health?
Overnutrition is defined as the over consumption of food to the point at which health starts to deteriorate. If prolonged, it can develop into obesity, which further increases the risk of various serious health problems like cardiovascular disease, hypertension, cancer, and diabetes.
Overnutrition was earlier thought as a problem that only affected developed nations. But now, overnutrition is a growing problem worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) describes the present scenario of overnutrition as-
“The prevalence of overweight and obesity (overnutrition) is increasing in developing countries, and even in low-income groups in richer countries.”
Factors contributing to overnutrition
One of the major factors is mushrooming up of fast food restaurants all over the country. Secondly, with advancement in technology, people are becoming more sedentary at both the home and office. Several studies conducted in India show that increasing numbers of poor people are becoming overweight as they consume affordable, yet highly caloric meals, such as fast foods.
Consequences of overnutrition
- Obesity is characterized by excess storage of fat much more than is necessary in the body. Obesity makes a person over-weight. It may be due to genetic, hormonal and behavioral factors like eating, sleeping and activity. Over-consumption of carbohydrate foods, high in calories coupled with physical inactivity and oversleep makes a person prone to obesity. These people are more prone to many health disorders like diabetes, tuberculosis, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, arthritis and many more. Obesity leads to further increases in the risk of complications during surgery, pregnancy and childbirth. Studies suggests that obese women are more prone to menstrual irregularities and infertility
- Hyper-Vitaminosis A is excessive amounts of Vitamin A given to children from early infancy. It can result in many health complications naming few, Dry itchy skin, refusal to stand, thickening of long bones, occasional enlargements of spleens are the common symptoms. Among adults, accumulation of Vitamin A causes fatigue, weakness, insomnia, constipation, bone and joint pain. This condition is very common among obese people.
- Hyper-Vitaminosis D is excessive amounts of Vitamin D which are very dangerous for our health. This condition can result into nausea, vomiting, fatigue, drowsiness, and headache, and constipation, occasional bouts of fever, hypertension, facial paralysis and anemia. This condition is common symptom of overnutrition.
- Over-load of Iron leads to a condition called haemosiderosis which is basically the large depositions of iron in the liver. This causes constipation, diarrhea, heart-bum, nausea, dizziness and Vomiting. Overnutrition can cause serious over loading of iron.
Prevention of overnutrition
To prevent the condition of overnutrition and obesity, people should eat and drink as per their nutritional needs. They should get regular exercise, and check their weight on fixed regular intervals. People with this condition should consume less food with a high energy density and more food with a low energy density such as wholegrain products, fruit, and vegetables, are more filling and have low energy content. Also, one should avoid the consumption of alcohol, fast food, and sugary drinks. Introducing exercise in everyday activities like daily walking, rope skipping, dance or yoga can prove beneficial for health.
We know that excess of anything is bad for our health. If you consume too much of nutrients required by your body on daily basis, it will of late work reversely on your health. This situation of overnutrition or obesity is now growing at a high pace. We all should really take care of our health and should maintain a proper diet routine.